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Xanax

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Customer information about Xanax

Xanax is a type of drug known as a Benzodiazepine. The brain uses certain chemicals known as neurotransmitters to communicate internally between different cells. Anti-anxiety drugs are known to interact on neurons in the brain to help in the reduction of anxiety symptons, by attaching to, and influencing the component parts of the specific neurons that are involved in producing the symptoms of anxiety. Xanax works as a sedative when prescribed in low doses, and has been proven to reduce anxiety, soothe excitability, and generally calm patients who use them. It may be the most appropriate choice for short-term treatment, and has been shown to be effective in 65-75% of the individuals who take it.  

What is the most important fact about Xanax?

Symptoms of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) may be due to an imbalance of a brain chemical called Serotonin. Xanax works gradually, over a period of several weeks, to provide effective relief of the symptoms. With each passing week, anxiety symptoms are likely to improve, excessive worry and tension may subside, and so may physical symptoms, like headaches and stomach upset. It is important to note that the symptoms cannot be treated overnight. It takes time for the symptoms to develop, and it will take some weeks for the benefits of Xanax to be noticed.

Who should use Xanax?

This medicine may be used for the management of anxiety disorders or the short-term relief of symptoms of excessive anxiety. Xanax may also be used for the treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) and is also indicated for the management of panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. It has also been shown to prove effective against anxiety associated with depression.

Who should NOT use Xanax?

Xanax should not be used by patients with known sensitivity to this drug or other Benzodiazepines. It may be used in patients with open angle glaucoma who are receiving appropriate therapy, but should not be used by patients with acute narrow angle glaucoma. Xanax is also contraindicated in pregnancy, in infants and in patients with myasthenia gravis.

How Should I take Xanax?

DO NOT EXCEED THE RECOMMENDED DOSE or take this medicine for longer than prescribed. Exceeding the recommended dose or taking this medicine for longer than prescribed may be habit forming.

  • Follow the directions for using this medicine provided by your doctor.
  • Store this medicine at room temperature, away from heat and light.
  • If you miss a dose of this medicine and you are using it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If you do not remember until later, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Side effects of Xanax?

The side effects associated with taking Xanax if they occur, are generally observed at the beginning of treatment, and usually disappear as the therapy continues. The most commonly encountered side effects are drowsiness or lightheadedness.

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Some of the less common symptoms may involve the patient experiencing

  • concentrating problems
  • outbursts of anger
  • confusion
  • mental depression
  • convulsions (seizures)
  • hallucinations
  • impaired memory
  • muscle weakness
  • skin rash or itching
  • sore throat, fever, and chills
  • ulcers or sores in mouth or throat
  • uncontrolled movements of body
  • unusual bleeding or bruising
  • unusual excitement
  • nervousness, or irritability
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • yellow eyes or skin.

To discontinue treatment in patients taking Xanax, the dosage should be reduced slowly in keeping with good medical practice. It is suggested that the daily dosage be decreased by no more than 0.5 mg every three days. Some patients may require an even slower dosage reduction.

Xanax Dosage

The dosage must be as prescribed by your physician. As with other anxiolytic sedatives, short courses of treatment should be the rule for the symptomatic relief of excessive anxiety, and the initial course of treatment should not last longer than 1 week without reassessment. If necessary, drug dosage can be adjusted after 1 week. Prescriptions should be limited to short courses of therapy.

Treatment for patients with anxiety should be initiated with a dose of 0.25 to 0.5 mg given three times daily. The dose may be increased to achieve a maximum therapeutic effect, at intervals of 3 to 4 days, to a maximum daily dose of 4 mg, given in divided doses. The lowest possible effective dose should be employed and the need for continued treatment reassessed frequently. The risk of dependency may increase with dose and duration of treatment.

Overdose Instructions

The symptoms of overdosage of Xanax may include :-

  • Somnolence
  • Confusion
  • Impaired coordination
  • Diminished reflexes
  • Coma.

Fatalities with benzodiazepines rarely occur except when other drugs, alcohol or aggravating factors are involved.

Treatment:

Vomiting may be induced if the patient is fully awake. Vital signs should be monitored and general supportive measures should be employed as indicated. Gastric lavage should be instituted as soon as possible. I.V. fluids may be administered and an adequate airway should be maintained.

Flumazenil (Mazicon), a specific benzodiazepine receptor antagonist, is indicated for the complete or partial reversal of the sedative effects of benzodiazepines and may be used in situations when an overdose with a benzodiazepine is known or suspected.

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